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Mershon Center for International Security Studies

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Conference
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The Future of the All Volunteer Force and Democracy in America
Thursday, March 29, 2018, 08:30am - 05:00pm
Mershon Center for International Security Studies
1501 Neil Avenue, Room 120
Columbus, Ohio 43201

 

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Conference Schedule

8:30–9:45 a.m.: Welcome and The AVF: Its history, status, and prospects

Retired Maj. Gen. Dennis Laich, Ohio Dominican University

Beth Bailey, University of Kansas

  • Why did we adopt the AVF? Are those reasons still relevant today?
  • How is it faring across key measures? Effectiveness and Efficiency
  • What problems does it face it terms of sustainability?
    • long-term economic consequences
    • medium to long-term ability to deploy forces


9:50–10:30 a.m.: National Defense and/or Imperial

Andrew Bacevich, Boston University

  • What are the implications for both what leaders can commit the country to and what the country can achieve?
  • Does it lead to alignment between presidential decisions to act and capability to act or to misalignment?

 

10:40 a.m.–12:15 p.m.: The AVF and Civilian – Military Differences
What are common military perceptions and attitudes about civilian life, government leaders, and the state of affairs in the country (e.g. trust in institutions)?

Retired Lt. Col. Michael Young, U.S. Air Force Technical Applications Center, Patrick Air Force Base

  • The Casualty Gap and fairness

Francis X. Shen, University of Minnesota

  • What are common civilian perceptions of the military, government leaders, and the state of affairs in the country (e.g. trust in institutions)?

Christopher Gelpi, The Ohio State University

  • How does the AVF affect the health of democracy?
  • Are the differences in beliefs, experiences, and national service detrimental to democracy?

Michael Neblo, The Ohio State University

  • What should the expectations of public responsibly be in a well-functioning democracy?
  • What sort of obligations and shared sacrifice should be expected in the American democracy?
  • What role should the military play in the training, socialization, and mobilization of young people in the country?

 

12:30–1:45 p.m.: Lunch and Keynote Address

Former Deputy Secretary of Defense Robert Work, Center for New American Security

 

1:45–3:15 p.m.: Student Working Groups

  • How should the United States raise its military force in the future? What options are available and what would they look like?
  • How could the AVF be modified or recruitment changed? 
  • How could we ramp up the Selective Service System?
  • How might a draft work? 
  • How might a combination of the AVF and private contractors work?

 

3:30–5 p.m.: What are the military and economic implications of various options for raising the U.S. military?

Retired Col. Larry Wilkerson, College of William & Mary

Lawrence J. Korb, Center for American Progress

Third to be Determined

  • What are the foreign policy implications of various options for raising the U.S. military?
  • What are the moral implications and likely affects on democracy of the various options for raising the U.S. military?
  • What are the domestic political prospects of the various options for raising the U.S. military?
  • What steps should be taken to move the country toward a future military force that is able to effectively carry-out the missions the national government assigns to it and is sustainable and fair?

 

 

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