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Ali Carkoglu
Public Attitudes towards Use of Force Abroad: An Experimental Analysis
Wednesday, March 28, 2018, 03:30pm - 05:00pm
The Mershon Center for International Security Studies
1501 Neil Avenue, Room 120
Columbus, Ohio 43201

Ali Carkoglu

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Ali Çarkoğlu is professor of international relations at Koç University in Istanbul, Turkey. His recent research focuses on voting behavior, party systems and political parties, religiosity, social capital, public opinion, and Turkish politics.

Çarkoğlu has been teaching comparative politics, public choice theory, voting behavior, Turkish politics, research design and methods, basic statistics and regression methods, regression methods for categorical dependent variables, survey methods, and social network analysis. Since September 2013, he has served as dean at the College of Administrative Sciences and Economics at Koç University.

Çarkoğlu holds a Ph.D. in political science from SUNY-Binghamton (1994); master's in economics from Rutgers University (1989), master's in economics from Boğaziçi University (1988), and bachelor's in economics from Boğaziçi University (1986).

Abstract

What are the conditions under which public supports military intervention abroad? The research on use of force abroad has extensively focused on public opinion formation in United States. The underlying assumption was that in democratic regimes, leaders care about public opinion when making foreign policy decisions. This body of research explored factors such as public perception of foreign policy objectives or context of the use of force, individual predispositions with respect to isolationism vs. internationalism, threat and power perception, and the utility of use of force.

We build and expand on this body of research in two ways. First, we move the debate to a non-U.S. setting. Second we explore the influence of ideology and identity on people’s support of intervention abroad by defining a new context that has not been explored so far: intervention to support protesters with political claims in a neighboring state.

Considering the recent rise of populism across the world, it is essential to identify the codes and signals on which populist leaders can mobilize support for their external undertakings. We conducted three nationally representative field survey experiments in a one-year period (2014-2015) to explore the influence of identity, democratic dispositions and type of actor against which intervention is directed on public opinion toward the use of force abroad.

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