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The Ohio State University

Mershon Center for International Security Studies

John Casterline

Robert T. Lazarus Professor in Population Studies
Director, Institute for Population Research
056 Townshend Hall
614.688.3476
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Education
B.A., Culture and Behavior, Yale College (1969)
M.A., Old Testament, Graduate Theological Union (1972)
Ph.D., Sociology, University of Michigan (1980)

Teaching/Research
John Casterline is a social demographer who conducts research on childbearing (fertility). His current research focuses on fertility theory and methods, demographic transition in Sub-Saharan Africa, demography of the Arab region, demographic transition in low-income societies, and the causes and consequences of unintended childbearing.

During a three-decade research career, Casterline has investigated the causes and consequences of fertility decline in developing countries. The enormous decline – from six births to two births per woman on average – surely ranks among the most significant social changes of the past half century, transforming adult lives and childhood experience, and with major ramifications for the economic and social structure of societies.

Relying primarily on survey data (some of it national, some localized), Casterline directed multi-country multi-year projects on social diffusion models of fertility change, on unmet need for family planning, and on unwanted fertility (methods of estimation, consequences for parental and child well-being).

In the mid-1990s, he began collaborative research on demographic change in the Arab region that has continued to the present, and during the same period he has examined fertility decline in sub-Saharan Africa, the last remaining high-fertility region on the globe. In the course of pursuing these topics, with local collaborators Casterline has engaged in fieldwork in the Philippines, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Egypt, and Ghana.

His current research agenda includes components of contemporary fertility decline (motives vs. means), fertility decline in sub-Saharan Africa, decline in unwanted fertility (a public health success story of the past three decades), family change in the Arab region, and the impact of demography on family and kinship processes (e.g. sibling relations).

Casterline is director of the Institute for Population Research at Ohio State.

Faculty Links
Curriculum Vitae (pdf)
Department web page
High-resolution photo 

Media Links
Arts and Sciences: Casterline re-appointed IPR Director (2013)
Research News: Family planning programs have success in developing countries, but need to be expanded (2011)

Mershon Projects
Kinship in Arab Society: Changing Configurations, Chaging Social Identities (2012-13)
Inter-Relations Between Political and Demographic Change in the Second Half of the 20th Century (2008-09)