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The Ohio State University

Mershon Center for International Security Studies

John Casterline

Robert T. Lazarus Professor in Population Studies
Director, Institute for Population Research
056 Townshend Hall
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B.A., Culture and Behavior, Yale College (1969)
M.A., Old Testament, Graduate Theological Union (1972)
Ph.D., Sociology, University of Michigan (1980)

John Casterline focuses on social demography and quantitative methods. His current research focuses on fertility theory and methods, demographic transition in low-income societies, demography of sub-Saharan Africa and the Arab region, and social networks and demographic processes.

During a three-decade research career, Casterline has investigated the causes and consequences of fertility decline in developing countries. The enormous decline – from six births to two births per woman on average – surely ranks among the most significant social changes of the past half century, transforming adult lives and childhood experience, and with major ramifications for the economic and social structure of societies.

Relying primarily on survey data (some of it national, some localized), Casterline directed multi-country multi-year projects on social diffusion models of fertility change, on unmet need for family planning, and on unwanted fertility (methods of estimation, consequences for parental and child well-being).

In the mid-1990s, he began collaborative research on demographic change in the Arab region that has continued to the present, and during the same period he has examined fertility decline in sub-Saharan Africa, the last remaining high-fertility region on the globe. In the course of pursuing these topics, with local collaborators Casterline has engaged in fieldwork in the Philippines, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Egypt, and Ghana.

His current research agenda includes sources of contemporary fertility decline (motives vs. means); the pace of fertility decline in sub-Saharan Africa; the decline in unwanted fertility during the past three decades (a public health success story); family change in the Arab region; the impact of demography on family and kinship processes (e.g. sibling relations); application of decision models to reproductive behavior.

Casterline is director of the Institute for Population Research at Ohio State.

Faculty Links
Curriculum Vitae (pdf)
Department web page
High-resolution photo 

Media Links
Ohio State News: Five Ohio State faculty named AAAS Fellows (2018)
Arts and Sciences: The African Century (2018)
Institute for Population Research: Casterline Elected President of National Association of Demographers (2017)
Arts and Sciences: Casterline re-appointed IPR Director (2013)
Research News: Family planning programs have success in developing countries, but need to be expanded (2011)

Mershon Projects
Kinship in Arab Society: Changing Configurations, Chaging Social Identities (2012-13)
Inter-Relations Between Political and Demographic Change in the Second Half of the 20th Century (2008-09)